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Rabies Advisory

August 6, 2014

The Middlesex County Office of Health Services is reporting that a groundhog tested positive for rabies in North Brunswick, Middlesex County, in the vicinity of Westlake Court and Parkside Drive.
 
This is the seventh rabid animal reported within Middlesex County for 2014 and the first rabid animal reported in North Brunswick. 
 
On Monday August 4, 2014, the Animal Control Officer for North Brunswick responded to a call that a pet dog fought with a groundhog which appeared ill in a resident’s backyard. The groundhog was euthanized and sent to the New Jersey Department of Health Laboratory for testing.  It was reported on Wednesday, August 6, 2014, that the animal tested positive for rabies. The owner of the dog was asked to consult with a physician regarding their and other household members’ exposure during the incident.  The dog was up-to-date on its vaccinations, will receive a booster vaccine from a veterinarian, and will be kept under a 45-day observation period.  Additionally, a Middlesex County Office of Health Services’ Registered Environmental Health Specialist will be distributing rabies fact sheets within the area.
 
The Middlesex County Office of Health Services continues to monitor rabies cases within the municipality.  Residents should report wild animals showing signs of unusual behavior to the Police Department.  Additionally, it is recommended that residents should avoid contact with wild animals and immediately report any bites from wild or domestic animals to your local health department and consult a physician as soon as possible.  Finally, be sure that all family pets are up to date on their rabies vaccinations and licenses. 
 
Rabies is caused by a virus which can infect all warm-blooded mammals, including man. The rabies virus is found in the saliva of a rabid animal and is transmitted by a bite, or possibly by contamination of an open cut.  New Jersey is enzootic for raccoon and bat variants of rabies.  Bats, raccoons, skunks, groundhogs, foxes, cats, and dogs represent about 95% of animals diagnosed with rabies in the United States.
 
Rabies Prevention Guidelines
The Middlesex County Office of Health Services is advising residents to follow these guidelines in order to prevent rabies from being transmitted to themselves or their pets:
 
1. Immediately report a bite from a wild or domestic animal to your local health department.
Wash animal bite wounds thoroughly with soap and water as soon as possible after the bite.
Contamination of open cuts or scratches with saliva of potentially rabid animals should also be washed off immediately.  Consult a physician as soon as possible.

2. Immediately report any wild animal showing signs of unusual behavior.
Signs of unusual animal behavior could be that the animal may:
 
• Move slowly
• May act as if it is tame
• Appear sick
• Have problems swallowing
• Have an increase of saliva
• Have increased drooling
• Act aggressive
• Have difficulty moving
• Have paralysis
• Bite at everything if excited
 
Residents should avoid any contact with the animal and call your local animal control officer or local police department.

3. Be sure that all family pets are up to date on their rabies vaccination. 
If unsure please call your veterinarian.
Call your local health department for free rabies vaccination clinic availability.

4. Animal proof your home and yard. 
Make sure all garbage containers have tight fitting lids, do not leave pet food or water outside, do not allow rainwater to collect in outdoor containers or equipment and keep yard free of garbage and debris.

5. Do not feed or handle wild animals.
6. Avoid contact with stray animals or pets other than your own.
7. Try to prevent your pets from coming into contact with wild animals.
8. Screen off vents to attics and other areas that could provide shelter for bats.
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