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FREE Backyard Compost Workshops
Saturdays, April 18, 2020 and November 7, 2020 from 10AM - 12 Noon
Both workshops will be held at the Rutgers Cooperative Extension Service's EARTH Center
42 Riva Avenue (in Davidson's Mill Pond Park), South Brunswick
Call 732-745-4170 or email with your name, address and phone number to register.

What is Composting?
Composting is a natural process of decomposition, where organic materials are recycled into a dark, crumbly, earthy smelling soil amendment known as compost.

Why Should I Compost?
  • Compost benefits your soil and plants
  • Composting can save money
  • Composting is easy
  • Composting helps the environment   
Things You Should Compost:
  • vegetable and fruit scraps
  • coffee grounds/filters and tea bags
  • grass clippings (nitrogen source) and leaves (carbon source)
  • other yard waste 
  • chopped twigs/branches 
Things You Should NOT Compost:
  • meat scraps/bones
  • dairy products
  • cooking oils
  • pet waste
  • fish
  • disease or insect infested plants
There are many different types of backyard compost bins, from the simple homemade type to a variety of manufactured types. All will work if you follow the proper procedures.
  • Place your compost bin on bare soil
  • Keep the material moist, like a wrung out sponge
  • Allow it to get air - stir or turn over regularly
  • Cut material being added into small pieces
  • Add a variety of materials
  • Cover added kitchen waste with brown material such as leaves
Vermi Composting: Did You Know...
  • The prefix vermi is derived from the word vermes meaning worms
  • The type of worm that is used is the red wiggler or brown-nosed red wiggler
  • The red wiggler bodies are 75-90% water
  • The optimum temperature range for the red wiggler is 55 – 77 degrees
  • They are ideal candidates for indoor living
  • The worms eat half their weight per day
Worms' Favorite Foods includes Banana Peels, Cantaloupe Rinds, Coffee Grinds, Crushed Egg shells
Lettuce, Shredded Paper, Tea Bags (remove all staples)
Worm Bins: What You'll Need
  • Container - A shallow light proof container about 12 inches deep Bedding – strips of newspaper, shredded paper
  • Control Temperature – 55 – 77 degrees is the optimum temperature
  • Moisture – the worms need water to keep their skin moist
  • Ventilation – the worms need air to breathe (keep contents of bin fluffy)
  • Cover – Worms like to be in the dark
  • Worms – you will need about a pound of red wigglers to get started


Solid Waste Management
13-15 Kennedy Blvd.
East Brunswick, NJ 08816
Phone: 732-745-4170
Fax: 732-296-6566
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