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What is Composting?
Composting is a natural process of decomposition, where organic materials are recycled into a dark, crumbly, earthy smelling soil amendment known as compost.

Why Should I Compost?
  • Compost benefits your soil and plants
  • Composting can save money
  • Composting is easy
  • Composting helps the environment   
Things You Should Compost:
  • vegetable and fruit scraps
  • coffee grounds/filters and tea bags
  • grass clippings (nitrogen source) and leaves (carbon source)
  • other yard waste 
  • chopped twigs/branches 
Things You Should NOT Compost:
  • meat scraps/bones
  • dairy products
  • cooking oils
  • pet waste
  • fish
  • disease or insect infested plants
There are many different types of backyard compost bins, from the simple homemade type to a variety of manufactured types. All will work if you follow the proper procedures.
 
Tips:
  • Place your compost bin on bare soil
  • Keep the material moist, like a wrung out sponge
  • Allow it to get air - stir or turn over regularly
  • Cut material being added into small pieces
  • Add a variety of materials
  • Cover added kitchen waste with brown material such as leaves
Vermi Composting: Did You Know...
  • The prefix vermi is derived from the word vermes meaning worms
  • The type of worm that is used is the red wiggler or brown-nosed red wiggler
  • The red wiggler bodies are 75-90% water
  • The optimum temperature range for the red wiggler is 55 – 77 degrees
  • They are ideal candidates for indoor living
  • The worms eat half their weight per day
Worms' Favorite Foods includes Banana Peels, Cantaloupe Rinds, Coffee Grinds, Crushed Egg shells
Lettuce, Shredded Paper, Tea Bags (remove all staples)
 
NO - FISH, MEATS, DAIRY, OILS, DRESSING or BONES
 
Worm Bins: What You'll Need
  • Container - A shallow light proof container about 12 inches deep Bedding – strips of newspaper, shredded paper
  • Control Temperature – 55 – 77 degrees is the optimum temperature
  • Moisture – the worms need water to keep their skin moist
  • Ventilation – the worms need air to breathe (keep contents of bin fluffy)
  • Cover – Worms like to be in the dark
  • Worms – you will need about a pound of red wigglers to get started
 

 
 
 
 
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