FREE Backyard Compost Workshops
Saturdays, April 18, 2020 and November 7, 2020 from 10AM - 12 Noon
Both workshops will be held at the Rutgers Cooperative Extension Service's EARTH Center
42 Riva Avenue (in Davidson's Mill Pond Park), South Brunswick
Call 732-745-4170 or email firstname.lastname@example.org with your name, address and phone number to register.
What is Composting?
Composting is a natural process of decomposition, where organic materials are recycled into a dark, crumbly, earthy smelling soil amendment known as compost.
Why Should I Compost?
- Compost benefits your soil and plants
- Composting can save money
- Composting is easy
- Composting helps the environment
Things You Should Compost:
- vegetable and fruit scraps
- coffee grounds/filters and tea bags
- grass clippings (nitrogen source) and leaves (carbon source)
- other yard waste
- chopped twigs/branches
Things You Should NOT Compost:
- meat scraps/bones
- dairy products
- cooking oils
- pet waste
- disease or insect infested plants
There are many different types of backyard compost bins, from the simple homemade type to a variety of manufactured types. All will work if you follow the proper procedures.
- Place your compost bin on bare soil
- Keep the material moist, like a wrung out sponge
- Allow it to get air - stir or turn over regularly
- Cut material being added into small pieces
- Add a variety of materials
- Cover added kitchen waste with brown material such as leaves
Vermi Composting: Did You Know...
- The prefix vermi is derived from the word vermes meaning worms
- The type of worm that is used is the red wiggler or brown-nosed red wiggler
- The red wiggler bodies are 75-90% water
- The optimum temperature range for the red wiggler is 55 – 77 degrees
- They are ideal candidates for indoor living
- The worms eat half their weight per day
Worms' Favorite Foods includes Banana Peels, Cantaloupe Rinds, Coffee Grinds, Crushed Egg shells
Lettuce, Shredded Paper, Tea Bags (remove all staples)
NO - FISH, MEATS, DAIRY, OILS, DRESSING or BONES
Worm Bins: What You'll Need
- Container - A shallow light proof container about 12 inches deep Bedding – strips of newspaper, shredded paper
- Control Temperature – 55 – 77 degrees is the optimum temperature
- Moisture – the worms need water to keep their skin moist
- Ventilation – the worms need air to breathe (keep contents of bin fluffy)
- Cover – Worms like to be in the dark
- Worms – you will need about a pound of red wigglers to get started