Middlesex County has such a rich and storied
past that it is very likely that something that occurred or originated in
Middlesex County has touched the life of almost every person on the planet.
While only 318 square miles in size, the County has left a huge footprint on
Just a few examples:
- A partial
feather, constituting the oldest known fossil record of a terrestrial bird
in North America, was discovered in Sayreville amber deposits.
- Deinosuchus, 33- to 40-foot
crocodiles, hunted their prey in Sayreville and Old Bridge during
the Cretaceous Period.
- The Band-aid,
the forerunner to modern baby formula, the first known antibiotics, and
duct tape were developed here.
A. Edison obtained over 300 patents, including ones for the phonograph and the
incandescent light bulb, while working in his Menlo Park laboratory.
The Lenni Lenape, the first known human
inhabitants of Middlesex County, developed an extensive system of trails that
eventually established wagon roads and even some of our current roads. That
early road system developed into one of the largest transportation networks in
the nation. Nearly every major north-south rail and roadway on the East Coast
passes through Middlesex County.
strategically along the Raritan River and between New York and Philadelphia,
the County developed into a thriving trading and port hub for early colonists.
It also played an important role in the American Revolution, as troops from
both sides camped here. In fact, George Washington, Benjamin Franklin and a
number of other patriots stayed here.
As the industrial age hit, Johnson &
Johnson, a leading health care and personal products corporation, established
its world headquarters here in 1886. J&J remains an active partner in the
Middlesex County community, underwriting educational and recreational programs
for our citizens.
Middlesex County is the home of the first Vocational-Technical
School System in the Nation (New Brunswick, 1914) and the first County College
in the State (Edison, 1964).
There are chapters of history to uncover and explore
right here in Middlesex County.
Office of Arts & History
The Thomas Edison Center at Menlo Park (Edison)
Great Beds Lighthouse (Raritan Bay off the South Amboy shore)
Proprietary House (The Residence of the last Royal Governor loyal to the British Crown)
Metlar-Bodine House Museum (Historical Museum of Piscataway Township)
Sayreville Historical Society
South River Historical and Preservation Society
New Jersey Historical Commission
Buccleuach Mansion (New Brunswick)